KASHMIR : GENESIS

The ideological split culminated in the arrest and imprisonment of Sheik Abdullah for 11 years on August 9, 1953. Nehru wanted someone more favourable to the centre’s whims and wishes. The Delhi regime to this day continues the same attitude of buying off and disposing of leadership whenever convenient to them. The convenient solution to all the pressure building upon the Kashmir issue was to destabilise the current government and put in charge a new one that will play ball for Nehru regime. The answer presented itself in form of some internal ministers, Bakshi Ghulam Mohammad, S L Saraf, D P Dhar, and others, intimately close to Sheikh Abdullah, who had been prepared by Nehru for the task as a special group and who were acting in unison with Karan Sigh and B N Mullick. Bakshi topped among the loyalists and was appointed prime minister once Abdullah was arrested and removed under the bogus Kashmir conspiracy case. He was charged under the pretext of establishing communication with Pakistan government to wage war on India and demand independence. The case was withdrawn on 1964, but enough damage had been done. The spirit of an entire community had been crushed with the arrest of their leader. The arrest was a grave transgression of all constitutional validities and was a blow on the bed rock of the spirit of freedom and secularism that lie foundation of the Indian constitution.

On February 6, 1954, the Jammu Kashmir legislative assembly ratified the accession agreement and added it to the constitution through presidential order by Dr Rajendra Prasad. However, this still gave the state considerable amount of autonomy. All the residuary powers still rested with the state legislature, also it retained its land reform policies and the power to decide on the state boundaries. Article 35A, kicking up a storm in the current election season, was then a small portion of the package, a baggage from the colonial era. It took another 70 years of targeted attack by the Delhi Bureaucrats and the successive governments to bring down the autonomy of the state to such an extent, that article 35A is the only special status it enjoys now.

In May 1954, Pakistan signs the Mutual Defence Assistance Agreement with US. Pakistan often called the most allied ally of the US, has defence and technology sharing agreement through almost four organizations, with US. Nehru regime threw ire on Pakistan, blaming for bringing cold war to the subcontinent. Later in 1959, Pakistan signed the bilateral agreement of cooperation. By whose terms, US agreed to assist Pakistan in cases of aggression. Though Washington reassured India the provision won’t be used to hurt India’s interests in the region, the Delhi regime led by Nehru was suspicious of the intentions. India repeatedly denied the requests for plebiscite under the pretext of Pakistan securing international military backups, especially the all-powerful uncle Sam.

The real reason for the Nehru regime to oppose Pakistan receiving military aid was the sentiments blared open by the right-wing Hindu organisation. They were fundamentally opposed to the nation of Pakistan obtaining any support in an international community. The intelligentsia fuelling the identity politics, considered the very notion of Pakistan an abomination, born out of the bowels of an evil conglomeration set out to destroy the glory of the “Hindu- Maharajya”. The very notion of the enemy receiving aids from the overseas godfather was an aberration to the Indian patriots.

Before the signing of the treaty, the Indian PM Nehru and the Pakistan counterpart issued a join statement stating that, the issue of Kashmir can have a peaceful resolution only through the mechanism of an internal impartial plebiscite.  It also declared that the plebiscite administrator be appointed by the end of April 1954 and further states that the plebiscite administrator shall take the appropriate measure to ensure peaceful and impartial process and shall take further decision to administrator peace in the immediate effect.

But once the Delhi regime got wind of the military pacts Pakistan was about to enter, they declared that any such pact would nullify the agreement made on Kashmir. Pakistan government retaliated that their internal military aids have nothing to do with Kashmir and Delhi can’t dictate their foreign policies. Pakistan went ahead with signing of the military pacts and India since argues the Kashmir pact void. Shortly after in September 1954, Pakistan joins SEATO and CENTO (1955), aligning itself with US, UK, Turkey and Iran. However, in the coming years, India- soviet ties deepened with India receiving military aids and arms from Russia and eventually Russia vetoes Indian interests on Kashmir in the UN in 1962.

On 30th October 1956, the state constituent assembly adopts a constitution for the state and declares it an integral part of India. In 1957, UN passes a resolution stating such actions will not have a final effect on the Kashmir issue. The final decision will depend on the plebiscite of people’s wishes. India’s home minister then, Govind Ballabh Pant, during his visit to Srinagar declares Kashmir an integral part of India and that there can never be any question of a plebiscite. This was the political gameplay the Delhi regime followed then and still following, giving empty promises to the valley, then playing their communal interest in the international bureaucratic machinery, projecting their secular façade blown up with hard-line communal patriotism and masculine nationalism, and then the blatant outright display of their xenophobic fangs .

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